What is btu doe

It is a normal practice to check the BTU (British Terminal Unit) of an air conditioner to determine its efficiency before making a purchase decision, so many people with or no knowledge about HVAC are already accustomed to the term. On getting informed about BTU DOE for the first time, you may be perturbed and confuse it for BTU, whereas, they are two different terminologies used in HVAC.

In this guide, you will be duly informed about what is BTU DOE, the distinguishing factors between BTU DOE and BTU ashrae, as well as every other thing you need to know about BTU DOE, keep reading for details.

What is BTU DOE in AC?

BTU DOE is the combination of 2 separate terminologies used in HVAC. The BTU stands for British Terminal Unit which measures the capacity level of an air conditioner to cool or heat a room. The DOE on the other hand means the Department of energy, a body of government that deals with federal energy policy and the safe use of nuclear material. DOE in ac helps to determine how much heat an air conditioner can be removed in a room.

What is BTU Ashrae?

The Ashrae in BTU ashrae is an acronym for American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers. The association is dedicated to the improvement of indoor-environment-control technology in the HVAC industry. Combined, BTU Ashrae means the amount of BTU of heat that an air conditioner can remove from a room at a particular time.

What are the differences between BTU DOE and BTU Ashrae?

BTU Ashrae measures how much BTU an air conditioner gives out while BTU DOE is synonymous with how it feels like the result of the exhaust system is different and less efficient compared to a window unit.

Is sacc the same as DOE?

No, SACC is not the same as DOE. Sacc implies seasonal adjusted cooling capacity and it is a policy adopted in 2017 by the Department of Energy to set a new standard for rating the cooling capacity of a portable air conditioner. The ratings measure more accurately, the actual square footage an air conditioner can cool a room, taking into consideration the procedure of heating the vent.

BTU SACC vs Ashrae

There are two major standard ratings for measuring the capacity of a portable air conditioner — BTU Sacc and Ashrae, and that is why often you will always see people compare these two. Even though they serve the same purpose both are different. Check below for details about their differences.

  1. Btu Ashrae measures the capacity of a portable AC at specified test condition while the BTU SACC measure the capacity of a portable AC under varying conditions that may prevail especially during summer. 
  2. Evaluating the performance rating of a portable ac using the BTU Ashrae involves a less complicated process, while the BTU SACC involves a more complex process.
  3. The BTU SACC is the new power evaluation method adopted by the DOE to determine the capacity of a portable AC in real-time, while the BTU Ashrae is an old evaluation method.
  4. BTU SACC rating is usually lower than the BTU Ashrae rating.


DOE is a problem-solving technique designed to determine the root cause of a problem out of the many possible causes. This technique involves changing the many causes simultaneously. DOE is also very useful at optimizing problems to attain the desired result.

On the other hand, is also a problem-solving technique that auks to identify the critical cause of a problem from the many possible causes. However, unlike the DOE which sets out to weigh multiple causes at a time, OFAT aims to change one possible cause at a time while every other possible cause remains constant.


BTU stands for the British Terminal Unit and helps to determine the amount of heat that is needed to increase the temperature of 1 pound of water by 1°F. It is a general term used in determining the capacity of air conditioners in hours. While on the other hand, BTU DOE is a term used in determining the capacity or performance of portable air conditioners.

Which is better, SACC or Ashrae?

BTU Ashrae is better because the whole process is less complicated and also, even though it is an old method, it remains very relevant today as it is still popularly used today by most HVAC technicians.

What is the formula for BTU SACC?

To determine the performance rating of an air conditioner using the BTU SACC method, technicians make use of

SACC = (ACC × 0.2) + (ACC × 0.8)

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